In 2013, the Texas Legislature passed Senate Bill 2 (SB 2) which revoked charters if they failed to meet academic or financial accountability for three consecutive years. Though this is one of the most effective charter accountability laws in the country, it oversimplified and limited public oversight of the process for expansion of charter schools, only requiring the Texas Commissioner of Education’s approval.
Since the passage of SB 2, charter school enrollment has increased 100% and has caused state funding for charters to increase from $1.2 billion to $3.1 billion per year. The number of charter schools has increased 43% over the same period of time.2
As of 2020, Texas is home to 176 charter networks operating over 790 campuses that serve more than 329,000 students.
This rapid growth of charters, because of limited transparency and oversight over expansion, has led to an unnecessary, inefficient, and costly duplication of facilities, transportation, and public education services.